- Gold (Or) Generosity and elevation of the mind
- Red (Gules) Warrior or martyr; Military strength & magnanimity
- Black (Sable) Constancy or grief
- Helmet When depicted on the shield, denotes wisdom and security in defense; strength, protection, invulnerability
- Parrot If present family is any indication, itsymbolizes talkers and great story tellers
- Shield When borne on the arms, represents the defender
- Lion Dauntless courage, heraldic bravery, strength, ferocity, and valour
Bar: A bar is a smaller version of a fess. If there is more than one horizontal line across a shield, of if there is only one but it's unusually small, then it is called a bar, (or if smaller, a barrulet).
Fess: A fess is a wide horizontal stripe across the middle of the shield. It usually is 1/3rd to 1/5th the height of the shield. A fess is classed as an ordinary, and has as its’ diminutives the bar and the barrulet.
Ordinary: An ordinary is one of a group of very common charges on a shield, most of which are composed of one or more stripes in various places or directions. There doesn't seem to be any absolute rule as to what is an ordinary and what is a sub-ordinary, but a typical list would include:
Fess, Bend, Pale, Cross, Saltire, Chief, Chevron, Pall, Border, and probably one or more of: Lozenge, Quarter, Gyron, and Canton.
Rampant: Describes a 4-limbed creature (usually a beast of prey) as being reared up until only one hind foot is touching the ground. Compare to statant, passant, and salient.